“All growth is a leap in the dark, a spontaneous unpremeditated act without benefit of experience.”
- Henry Miller
This project represents past work of the UNH Institute on Disability and is no longer active.
Within a person-centered system, individuals and providers work in
full partnership to guarantee that each person’s values, experiences
and knowledge drive the creation of an individualized plan as well as
the delivery of services and supports. Person Centered Planning (PCP) is
recognized as an important vehicle for empowering individuals to have a
voice in the planning process and actively shape their futures.
Although rhetoric often indicates service planning is “highly
individualized” and “person-centered,” the reality is that most formats
currently used are inefficient vehicles for this purpose because they
are aimed at fitting people to a standardized set of services or
programs to meet identified needs, not at promoting creative planning
and problem solving.
Most person-centered planning (PCP) tools used with persons with
developmental disabilities focus on generating information, clarifying a
vision for their future, and brainstorming capacities within the
community. Yet, for many older adults, the focus on planning is not
about clarifying a vision for the future but planning to maintain their
independence; maintain connections to community, family, and friends;
and receive support in a manner that respects their values and
preferences. NH utilizes the Team Performance Model (TPM) developed
by Drexler and Sibbet (1993), as its framework for PCP. The TPM offers
a structure for supporting PCP that reflects predictable phases of
planning and decision-making that individuals, families and support
teams progress through as they design and develop individually-tailored
As part of this three-year $500,000 grant from the U.S. Department
of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid
Services, the PCP project includes the development of principles of
PCP, training for community staff who work in critical pathways to
long-term supports, the development of a training manual, and the
development of web-based PCP tools.